Research

Hidden continent Zealandia discovered underwater

Hidden continent Zealandia discovered underwater

A new study claims that Earth has eight continents but the eighth is hidden under water in the Pacific Ocean, with only small bits, including New Zealand and New Caledonia, being above sea level.

According to geologists, the eighth continent, dubbed Zealandia, lies beneath the waves in the Pacific Ocean. Only a few specks of land, including for New Zealand, Campbell Plateau and Lord Howe Rise, are above sea surface.

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Bizarre squid’s mismatched eyes help it survive in deep-sea, dark habitat

Bizarre squid’s mismatched eyes help it survive in deep-sea, dark habitat

Bizarre deep-sea squid Histioteuthis heteropsis’ mismatched eyes help the marine creature survive in its cold and dark habitat, according to a new research.

Deep-sea dweller Histioteuthis heteropsis has been puzzling biologists since it was discovered more than a century ago because its bulging left eye is big and yellow, whereas its right eye is significantly smaller and clear.

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Scientists discover ancient undersea landslide in Australia

Scientists discover ancient undersea landslide in Australia

An international team of scientists have discovered evidence of a massive ancient undersea landslide close to Great Barrier Reef in Australia.

The Gloria Knolls Slide, which could also have triggered a tsunami, occurred nearly 300,000 years ago. It was 32 cubic kilometers in volume, or nearly thirty times the size of Uluru, a rock landmark in central part of Australia.

The researchers discovered the ancient landslide while conducting 3-dimentional mapping of the Queensland Trough’s ancient reefs. The Queensland Trough is a big basin adjacent to the Great Barrier Reef.

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Microbial life may be prevalent on Mars: study

Microbial life may be prevalent on Mars: study

Scientists have long been struggling to determine whether or not Mars ever supported any kind of life. Now, a new study has indicated that life on the Red Planet might not only be present but also be prevalent.

The new study, conducted by Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute astrobiologist Janice Bishop, suggested that alien life in the form of living organisms could very present as close to Mars probes as the nearest rock.

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Ancient explosion of ocean life wasn’t triggered by space rock bombardment: study

Ancient explosion of ocean life wasn’t triggered by space rock bombardment: study

Explosion of ocean life nearly 471 million years ago, known as the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event (GOBE), wasn’t triggered by a meteorite bombardment of Earth, an international team of researchers found in a new study.

Challenging the widely-accepted theory, the new study by researchers from Sweden and Denmark suggested that the ancient ocean creature expansion started roughly 2 million years before the space rock bombardment.

New study suggests what causes mysterious fairy circles in Namib Desert

New study suggests what causes mysterious fairy circles in Namib Desert

The Namib Desert’s fairy circles, mysterious bare soil spots can be seen dotting the grasslands across 1,500 miles of the desert, are really well-coordinated as well as intelligent in design. These circles are also known for cropping up suddenly.

Scientists have long been struggling to determine what natural process causes these fairy circles, as factors like meteorite impact and huge raindrops have already been ruled out.

Primates facing extinction: researchers warn

Primates facing extinction: researchers warn

The future for primates like gorillas and chimps looks extremely gloomy unless humans make substantial shifts in their current behavior, according to a new research.

The new researcher revealed that nearly 60 per cent of the 504 species of primates are facing extinction. Three-quarters of the mankind’s closest biological relatives have suffered decline populations over the past few decades.

Researchers discover why killer whales go through menopause

Researchers discover why killer whales go through menopause

A new study by an international team of researchers has suggested that conflicts between mother and daughter killer whales may elucidate why the females of the species go through menopause.

The researchers sifted through more than forty years of data on killer whales in the northwest Pacific, and found that younger females are more likely to reproduce than their older counterparts.

They discovered that the trend discourages mother killer whales from reproduction, making them more focused on raising their younger members of their families instead.

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Researchers discover human-like vowel sounds in baboons’ calls

Researchers discover human-like vowel sounds in baboons’ calls

The origin of human speech could reach back as many as 25 million years as researchers have discovered distinct human-like vowel sounds in the grunts and mating calls of non-human primates Guinea baboons.

Led by Grenoble Alpes University’s Dr. Louis-Jean Boe, a team of experts studied the acoustics of a total of 1,335 baboon sounds as well as the animals’ tongue anatomy.

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Physicists successfully cool microscopic drum below quantum limit

Physicists successfully cool microscopic drum below quantum limit

A team of physicists at the National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) claimed to have cooled a microscopic mechanical drum, a vibrating aluminum membrane, to a temperature lower than what formerly was thought possible, below the “quantum limit.”

The researchers showed that the ‘absolute zero’ is not just cold, it is only still because at this point the motion of the atoms or the building blocks of an object stops completely, and the object is left with no energy to give.

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